THE PROPORTION of scholars from rural areas, economically weaker backgrounds, Tamil-medium faculties, and state board affiliated faculties in Tamil Nadu’s medical faculties has decreased considerably after the Nationwide Eligibility cum Entrance Take a look at (NEET) was launched in 2017-18, in accordance with knowledge crunched by a government-appointed committee.
The panel’s findings fashioned the premise of the Tamil Nadu authorities’s transfer to scrap NEET for admission to MBBS programmes within the state.
The nine-member panel, tasked by the state authorities to evaluate the influence of NEET on medical admissions, discovered that the proportion of rural college students fell from a median of 61.45% (pre-NEET) to 50.81% (post-NEET).
Candidates from authorities faculties, who had been under-represented even earlier than NEET’s introduction, fell additional behind. On common, authorities faculty college students made up 1.12% of the first-year MBBS batch in Tamil Nadu pre-NEET. The determine dropped to 0.16% post-NEET (unreserved seats). Final yr, the state authorities launched a 7.5% horizontal reservation for state-run faculty college students.
In accordance with the committee’s report, the share of English-medium faculty college students in medical faculties has elevated from 85.12% to 98.01% since NEET. However, Tamil-medium faculty college students now make up simply 1.99%, down from 14.88% 4 years in the past.
The proportion of scholars with an annual household earnings of lower than Rs 2.5 lakh dropped from 47.42% in 2016-17 to 41.05% in 2020-21. However, these whose annual household earnings was greater than Rs 2.5 lakh elevated from 52.11% to 58.95% on this interval.
College students from CBSE-affiliated faculties benefited greater than state board college students, in accordance with the panel. Earlier than NEET, 98.23% of scholars entering into medical faculties had been from state board faculties, and fewer than 1% had been from CBSE affiliated faculties. Now, CBSE college students account for 38.84%, whereas these from state board faculties make up 59.41% of the admission pie. This, the panel feels, is as a result of NEET is principally primarily based on CBSE curriculum.
Following a Supreme Courtroom ruling, NEET is the one single-window examination for entry into any medical faculty within the nation. It got here into impact from the educational yr 2017-18.
Earlier than NEET, admission to medical faculties in Tamil Nadu was primarily primarily based on board marks. Since 2017, the state has tried to exempt itself from the examination — by an ordinance, litigation and protests. Simply within the final week, there have been two suicides within the state reportedly associated to the doorway take a look at.
On Monday, Chief Minister M Ok Stalin launched a Invoice within the Meeting looking for exemption for Tamil Nadu college students from the centralised medical entrance examination. The Invoice was handed and now requires the President’s assent to be carried out.
Abolishing NEET is without doubt one of the electoral guarantees of the DMK. In June this yr, the DMK authorities arrange a nine-member committee to “examine whether or not the widespread medical entrance take a look at has affected the socially backward college students up to now few years.” The committee, headed by former choose A Ok Rajan, submitted its report a month later.
In accordance with Professor Jawahar Nesan, a member of the committee, rural college students are actually notably deprived since they can’t afford teaching lessons to clear the doorway take a look at.
“In 2020-21, 99% of the candidates who acquired a medical seat in Tamil Nadu obtained some type of teaching. Of those, shut to 3 quarters certified the examination after two or extra makes an attempt. This implies a majority of these clearing NEET in our state have spent lakhs on teaching. How will you anticipate college students from villages and low-income households to compete with them,” he informed The Indian Express.
Discounting the argument that NEET ensures high quality checks, he mentioned: “We’ve got analysed the efficiency of scholars within the MBBS programme earlier than and after NEET. Those that got here in primarily based on their board marks carry out marginally higher than those that got here in by NEET. When there’s hardly any distinction in classroom efficiency then the standard argument in favour of NEET doesn’t maintain.”