A day after samples of lifeless migratory birds from Himachal Pradesh tested positive for avian influenza H5N1, the Punjab animal husbandry division directed its district-level officers to begin surveillance of economic poultry farms and lakes/wetlands to test uncommon illness and fatality amongst birds and acquire samples for testing.
In a separate order, the Northern Regional Illness Diagnostic Laboratory (RDDL), Jalandhar issued a letter for 5 states and three UTs — Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Delhi and UTs of Ladakh, J&Ok, Chandigarh — stating precautions and measures to be taken to forestall ingress and unfold of avian influenza.
Chatting with The Indian Express, Punjab Animal Husbandry director H S Kahlon stated orders had been issued to all districts in Punjab to begin surveillance of economic poultry farms and acquire samples if any hen fatality was reported.
All lakes and wetlands within the state have additionally been put beneath surveillance for fatality/uncommon illness amongst migratory birds.
“District-level officers in Punjab have been alerted and directed to begin surveillance of economic personal poultry farms. Wildlife wing will probably be checking all water our bodies together with lakes, wetlands and so forth. to see if there’s any fatality amongst migratory birds. If a hen is discovered lifeless, pattern will probably be collected and despatched for testing at RDDL Jalandhar. Last affirmation will probably be achieved after testing from Nationwide Institute of Excessive Safety Animal Ailments (NISHAD) in Bhopal. For Punjab, Haryana, HP, Delhi and Rajasthan and three UTs Ladakh, J&Ok and Chandigarh, samples will first be examined at RDDL Jalandhar,” stated Kahlon.
Kahlon stated that the character of H5N1 is such that it can not survive past 70 diploma Celsius: “We will probably be issuing a separate advisory for consumption of poultry meat and different merchandise resembling eggs however this virus will get killed if poultry hen is cooked at 70 diploma Celsius or extra. In India, we undertake cooking strategies resembling boiling, frying, roasting and so forth and temperature crosses 70 diploma Celsius, so it’s protected to devour hen whether it is correctly cooked. However one ought to keep away from consuming uncooked meat/hen,” stated Kahlon.
In the meantime, a letter issued by the RDDL Jalandhar (copy with The Indian Specific) and despatched to administrators of animal husbandry division of 5 northern states and three UTs acknowledged that: “Avian influenza is a extremely contagious, transboundary illness, having zoonotic potential and inflicting big losses in time period of mortality and commerce of poultry and poultry merchandise…”
“…As there’s excessive threat of prevalence of avian influenza throughout winter season and there are reviews of untamed, migratory and domesticated poultry, subsequently there’s a right away want that every one states must be in preparedness and preserve an in depth watch on any uncommon illness or mortality in birds (poultry in addition to wild/migratory birds)…,’ reads the letter.
The letter additional states: “The surveillance is required to be carried out in moist markets on the bordering areas, market chain on poultry provide areas with excessive duck inhabitants, water our bodies, nesting locations of untamed birds, zoological parks and hen sanctuaries as stipulated in surveillance plan. The veterinary officers must be sensitized to ship samples on common foundation…”
RDDL Jalandhar has additional stated that “migratory birds play an essential function within the transmission of avian influenza virus leading to low in addition to extremely pathogenic avian influenza. Therefore, there’s a must strengthen the surveillance in areas the place migratory birds are visiting. Particular emphasis must be laid on sero-surveillance in poultry in such areas…”
The letter additional states that RDDL Jalandhar has skilled veterinary officers as grasp trainers relating to prevention, management and containment of avian influenza, so states have been directed prepare coaching for capability constructing of vets and para-vets.
The letter additionally stated: “Incidence of any uncommon illness/mortality in birds must be instantly reported to all involved as per motion plan together with motion taken for prevention and management of the illness…It must be emphasised on the poultry proprietor, public concerned in poultry enterprise, wildlife workers to report such uncommon illness/mortality in birds to the closest veterinary authority for taking obligatory motion as talked about within the motion plan…”
The letter sums up that “biosecurity must be strengthened in all poultry institutions, zoological parks, hen sanctuaries and poultry markets…”