A timeline of key occasions associated to Britain’s decision to leave the European Union: January 23, 2013: British Prime Minister David Cameron guarantees a referendum on Britain’s membership within the EU if the Conservative Social gathering wins the subsequent normal election. He does so to attempt to garner assist amongst euroskeptics inside his personal social gathering.
Could. 7, 2015: British voters elect a majority Conservative authorities. Cameron confirms in his victory speech that there will likely be an “in/out” referendum on European Union membership.
February 20, 2016: Cameron declares that he has negotiated a take care of EU leaders that offers Britain “particular standing.” He confirms that he’ll marketing campaign for Britain to stay within the 28-nation bloc. The referendum date is about for June.
February 21: Cameron is struck with a extreme blow when one in all his closest Conservative allies, the media-savvy Boris Johnson, joins the “go away” marketing campaign.
June 16: One week earlier than the referendum, Labour Social gathering lawmaker and “stay” campaigner Jo Cox is killed by extremist Thomas Mair, who shouted “Britain First” earlier than capturing and stabbing her.
June 23: Britain votes 52 per cent to 48 per cent to depart the European Union.
June 24: Cameron says he’ll resign in gentle of the outcomes as a result of Britain wants “contemporary management” to take the nation in a brand new path.
July 13: Following a Conservative Social gathering management contest, Dwelling Secretary Theresa Could turns into prime minister.
March 29, 2017: The British authorities formally triggers Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty, setting in movement a two-year course of for Britain to depart the bloc on March 29, 2019.
June 8: A normal election referred to as by Could to bolster her social gathering’s illustration in Parliament to assist with the Brexit negotiations backfires. Her Conservative Social gathering loses its majority and continues in a weakened state as a minority authorities.
July 7, 2018: Could and her Cupboard endorse the so-called “Chequers Plan” labored out at a fractious session on the prime minister’s nation retreat. The plan results in the resignations of Brexit Secretary David Davis, International Secretary Boris Johnson and others who favor a extra definitive break with EU.
November 25: EU leaders approve a withdrawal deal reached with Britain after months of adverse negotiations. Could urges the British Parliament to again the settlement.
December 12: Conservative lawmakers who again a clear break from the EU set off a no-confidence vote in Could over her dealing with of Brexit. She wins by 200 votes to 117, making her protected from one other such problem for a yr.
January 15, 2019: The Brexit deal comes again to Parliament, the place it’s overwhelmingly defeated on a 432-202 vote. The Home of Commons will find yourself rejecting Could’s settlement thrice.
March 21: EU agrees to prolonged the Brexit deadline, simply over per week earlier than Britain’s scheduled departure on March 29 April 11: Britain and the EU agree for a second time to increase the withdrawal deadline to maintain Brexit from occurring and not using a deal in place. The brand new deadline is Oct. 31.
June 7: Could steps down as Conservative Social gathering chief over the stalled Brexit settlement.
July 23: Boris Johnson elected new Conservative Social gathering chief July 24: Johnson takes workplace as prime minister, insisting the UK with go away the EU on Oct. 31, with or and not using a deal.
August 28: Johnson says he’ll quickly shut down Parliament till mid-October, giving opponents much less time to thwart a no-deal Brexit.
September 3: Insurgent Conservative Social gathering lawmakers vote in opposition to the federal government in protest of Johnson’s technique. They’re expelled from the social gathering.
September 5: Johnson asserts he would quite be “lifeless in a ditch” than ask for one more Brexit extension.
September 9: A parliamentary measure that forestalls the UK from leaving the EU and not using a deal turns into legislation.
September 24: UK Supreme Courtroom guidelines authorities’s suspension of Parliament was illegal.
October 10: Johnson and Irish chief Leo Varadkar meet and announce “pathway to a potential deal.? Oct. 17: UK and EU announce they’ve struck a deal after the .Okay. makes concessions over Northern Eire.
October 19: Parliament sits on a Saturday and calls for to see laws earlier than approving the deal.
October 22: Johnson places Brexit laws on pause .
October 28: Johnson asks the EU to delay Brexit once more. The brand new deadline is Jan. 31.
October 29: Parliament votes for a nationwide election on the request of Johnson’, who hopes it’ll break the Brexit stalemate.
December 12: Johnson wins a big majority within the normal election, giving him the ability to push by way of Brexit laws.
Jan. 23, 2020: EU Withdrawal Invoice turns into legislation.
Jan. 29: European Parliament approves the Brexit divorce deal.
Jan. 31: UK formally leaves the EU at 11 p.m., coming into an 11-month transition interval put in place for the 2 sides to barter a deal on their future relations.
December 7: After months of UK-EU negotiations, Johnson and European Fee President Ursula von der Leyen say important variations nonetheless stand in the way in which of a free commerce deal.
December 9: Johnson and von der Leyen maintain a dinner assembly in Brussels to see whether or not the variations could be bridged. They do not make a breakthrough however announce negotiations will proceed for 4 extra days, setting a Dec. 13 deadline for a remaining deal or no-deal determination.
December 13: Von der Leyen and Johnson say negotiations will proceed, vowing to go the “additional mile” to get a deal.
December 24: The U.Okay. and EU announce they’ve struck a provisional settlement, simply over per week earlier than the year-end deadline.